Characteristics and temperament of the Pug

The Pug or carlino breed is associated with a small, sociable, fun and very mischievous dog, which can be an excellent companion animal. However, the Pug is tied to a number of characteristics that anyone interested in breeding Pugs should be aware of.

When it comes to pets, dogs and cats are usually the most popular choices.

On this occasion, we will review everything related to a breed that has been able to make both children and adults fall in love, thanks to its particular appearance and great attitude: the pug pug.

In this way, you will be able to know its qualities and requirements more thoroughly, allowing you to take proper care of your pet or also make the decision whether to adopt a pug puppy or not.

Origin of the Pug breed

The pug breed is also known as the Pug and its origins date back to 2,000 years ago, specifically in China, when it was developed through the crossbreeding of other breeds by emperors who were in search of a refined pet.

It wouldn’t be until the 15th century that people outside of Chinese royalty were able to put a dog collar on their own Pug, as the breed spread thanks to Dutch traders who brought it to Europe.

Its size, character and curious snout soon made it a well-known breed and today it is among the 30 most popular in the world .

physical characteristics

A Pug pug dog is small in size. His body is usually plump and short, but muscular. It has a broad chest and short legs. However, one of his most striking features is his face.

The Pug, black or any other color, will always have a flattened, large, round face without indentations with a short snout. The eyes follow the same path, being also large, round and very expressive, which makes them a characteristic aspect of the breed.

As for the ears, these are usually small in size, thin and can be classified into two types according to Pug breeders: pink ears folded back and button ears folded forward.

For its part, the pug’s tail is curled over the hip and generally forms a kind of letter Q, due to the type of vertebrae in its spine.

If we review the size of a Pug dog, what is accepted by the International Cinological Federation is that it measures between 25 to 28 centimeters and weighs between 6.3 to 8.1 kilograms, approximately.

pug fur

When we check the coat of a Pug dog, we find that its hair is fine, smooth and soft. They can exist in various shades of color, such as black, light fawn, silver and apricot, maintaining an overall neutral style.

For its care, it is recommended to accustom the Pug from an early age to accept brushing, since it is crucial for its cleaning and, as it has a mostly coarse character, it could be difficult to do it when it is an adult.

Likewise, a black pug or any other common coat color can generally shed a lot of hair, but if you comply with at least one weekly brushing session, you can minimize this problem and help your pet enjoy a healthy, silky coat. and brilliant.


Pug Temperament

The pug dog is characterized by having a docile and very playful character, making it an ideal option for families. However, it requires a lot of attention, as they are extremely sociable and carelessness can quickly lead to episodes of anxiety.

They are also considered charming considering how expressive they can be, thanks to their facial features. As for dealing with children, it is best to deal with older children, considering the level of care they need.

On the other hand, it should be noted that they get along quite well with other animals and can be suspicious of unknown people, which makes them good alert dogs.

Finally, an important detail to know is that, during the first years of life, the Pug will be very active, but after the 5th year, its rhythm will probably begin to slow down, since they begin to prefer tranquility and rest.

Food and care

Feeding a pug puppy can be based on dry food formulated especially for its age and physical requirements. However, it is highly recommended that the animal follow a controlled diet, since its stature and chubby build make it prone to obesity .

At the same time, the quantity and components of the food must be evaluated based on the amount of physical activity that the animal performs, considering that it is an indoor breed.

Risks and diseases

Before deciding to buy a pug or adopt it, it is important that you consider the risks of the breed.

Pug dogs have physical and physiological characteristics that make them prone to respiratory problems , mainly due to their characteristic flattened snout.

In addition, it must be taken into account that it is classified as an indoor dog, since sudden changes in temperature can directly affect its health and cause it to suffer from heat stroke.

Another detail that should be known before having a baby pug is its eyes. Given the flat face, they stick out a little more than in other breeds, which makes them sensitive to dryness.

Pug dog life expectancy

Pugs can have a relatively long life expectancy, reaching 13 to 15 years as long as the dog is not affected by congenital diseases typical of the breed.

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