We have all suffered an injury at some point. But, as the healing process is not the same, some people may suffer from the symptomatic, aesthetic and emotional effects of having a hard and bulging scar. However, there are both medical and natural treatments focused on improving these scars.
The human body has the natural ability to restore the dermal tissue in the face of a wound, regardless of whether it is superficial or deep. However, this physiological response can be affected by different factors. Hence, its healing time varies despite the use of some healing cream.
In this sense, there are not a few who take on the task of removing scars professionally, since depending on where they are left, they can affect people emotionally and decrease their quality of life. In this context, it should be known that depending on the aesthetic result, different types of scars are established. Among those that are distinguished: atrophic or flat scars, hypertrophic scars, keloid scars, normotrophic or burn scars and chronic ulcers. These last 4 being the ones that cause the most discomfort due to their pathology.
What to do with an annoying scar?
Healing wounds naturally is something that concerns the body, but sometimes the process does not happen as expected. In any case, it is best to avoid poor healing and, therefore, a less aesthetic result, since removing them, after they have matured, is even more difficult. For this, post-appearance care of the wound is important, so that complications or infections do not arise.
In the case of superficial wounds, good hygiene and the application of an antibacterial product would be enough. But, when it comes to a deep surgical wound, care is more rigorous.
In this sense, in addition to asepsis, disinfection and other advice issued by the medical specialist, the scar must be protected from the sun, as well as avoiding any physical contact or tension that stimulates hypertrophy.
On the other hand, a low-fat diet rich in foods with a high content of vitamin A, vitamin K and zinc should be followed, since this mineral favors the synthesis of collagen. For this reason, the pharmaceutical industry is concerned with formulating the best cream for scars based on this component.
In addition, your care can be supported by the use of silicone patches, serums, ointments with healing action and massages. Which can contribute to the recovery of tissue tone.
Now, if after all the aforementioned care a hypertrophic or keloid scar is generated, even if you already have an old scar, it can be attenuated through:
1. Home remedies
Although they do not completely reduce the scar, they can improve its appearance. The important thing is to be consistent in your treatment, since its benefits are influenced by the type of skin and the healing capacity of each individual.
Among the main products with positive effects on healing are: rosehip essential oil, lavender essential oil, olive oil, coconut oil, aloe vera gel, sweet potatoes, centella asiatica and honey, among many others.
2. Specific medical treatments
Local corticosteroid therapy. It is a technique that is more effective in the treatment of keloids than in hypertrophic scars, where a reduction in the size of the scar is observed thanks to the infiltration of powerful anti-inflammatory drugs.
Cryotherapy. Its objective is to modify the production of collagen. Being a widely used treatment to attenuate thoracic hypertrophic scars.
Laser therapies. Through the use of light rays, collagen synthesis is temporarily delayed and therefore the reproduction of keloids. However, its result is not definitive, so the sessions must be repeated.
Surgical removal . It is a meticulous procedure to reduce the scar. Which must be complemented with other procedures for better results, in addition to being carried out by expert personnel. This is the best option to remove surgical scars or scars caused by severe trauma.
Radiotherapy. This therapeutic option seeks to inhibit fibroblastic and non-vascular processes and, therefore, collagen production.
Of course, these procedures can only be indicated by medical professionals. Also, the scar must have had enough time to complete its healing phases.
How does a problematic scar originate?
Little do we care to know how long it takes to heal a wound. In general, after it occurs, it goes through a series of progressive phases until its healing is complete, the result of which should be a faint and painless line (atrophic scar).
But, when this process is altered by systemic (body in general) or local (inherent to the wound) factors, they give rise to a red, slightly bulging scar, as is the case with hypertrophic tissue. Which results from the excessive production of collagen in the area and can be noticed once the wound is closed. In general, this is the condition for which many search the internet for how to remove scars.
However, when the excess of collagen is combined with an abnormal production of blood vessels , the scar becomes uncontrolled and its consistency becomes hard, which is what is commonly known as a keloid, in addition to the notable sensitivity of the area.
The problem becomes more acute when these injuries compromise the physical functionality of the individual, as occurs in normotrophic scars, by contracting the affected tissue. All this happens as a product of the complex cellular process to which the body naturally reacts to repair the damage.
Most common problem scars
There are few scars that do not generate unpleasantness, since their presence is related to rewarding moments. Such as a birth (cesarean section, stretch marks) or the challenges of self-improvement (cancer, trauma, burns). But, this depends, to a large extent, on the emotional strength of each individual, since in most cases they can affect their social development; especially if the scar is in a visible area.
Statistically among the facial and body scars that users most seek to treat are:
- The piercing scar on the nose, eyebrow, ear and mouth.
- Tattoo keloid.
- Acne scars.
- Surgical such as: appendicitis scar, thoracic surgery, cesarean section, cleft lip scar, among others.
Finally, it remains to be mentioned that, like any physiological process, healing must be accompanied by care, regardless of the depth and nature of the wound. Above all, if you have a history of keloid healing, since it can leave an unpleasant mark for life.