Many care about having beautiful and shiny hair. Hence, the most suitable one is chosen among different shampoos and periodically go to a professional for a cut. All this is important, but we must not forget that to achieve beautiful hair we must have a healthy scalp.
Today it is common to find people who suffer from an irritated and flaky scalp, as well as intense itching of the head and hair loss. These hair problems can be the product of dermatitis on the scalp. And it is that in this area where the root of the hair is, the sebaceous glands are found, which by not properly exercising their function can give way to these conditions and affect not only the well-being but also the appearance of those who suffer from them.
Causes of irritated scalp
Itchy scalp can be due to internal or external causes. When it comes to internal causes, it is related to seborrheic dermatitis , which can affect both adults and infants. It occurs due to a hormonal stimulus that generates greater sebaceous activity.
On the other hand, external causes can produce an irritative type dermatitis, caused by hair products, improper diet, stress, among others.
Problems related to scalp irritation
Faced with an eczema on the scalp caused by dermatitis, a series of problems can arise. Such as:
- Itchy scalp.
- White or yellow flaking spots or patches on the scalp.
- Red scalp.
- Sensitive scalp.
- Fine and fragile hair.
- Alopecia or hair loss.
- Scalp pain.
But there is no need to worry, since for these hair problems there are general measures, home remedies and medical treatments. Below we will present a summary.
For problems derived from dermatitis, there are certain general measures to encourage changes in some habits in order to improve health and well-being. These are, for example, changing shampoo choosing a mild one; rinse hair very well during washing; comb it gently and if you are going to dry it with a dryer, do it with cold temperature or mild heat, so as not to subject the scalp to extreme temperatures.
Likewise, improve the diet by consuming more nutrients through fruits and vegetables, play sports daily and avoid stressful situations. Also, it is important not to wear helmets and hats while suffering from this condition.
Now, in the face of inflammation in the area, it is normal to have itching on the head, but touching and scratching should be avoided to avoid further irritation or infection. In the case of also presenting pain in the scalp, avoid picking up your hair.
Another good general recommendation for people who color, lighten or straighten their hair is to test a small area to see how the skin reacts to the product before applying it to the entire hair.
The seasons can also affect the scalp, so if you live in a very cold and dry area, during the winter you could experience a dry and itchy head. In this case, it is recommended that the hair be washed less frequently so that the moisture and natural fat protect it.
Similarly, if you tend to wear a hairstyle that leaves part of your scalp exposed, have fine hair, or are bald, wear a hat or sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher when spending time in the sun, either on the part or hairless area. This to avoid irritation and even burns on the scalp.
You can also use home remedies with natural ingredients to improve the health of this particular area. To learn how to relieve an itchy head and redness of the scalp, for example, you can use chamomile. Simply prepare an infusion of chamomile and apply it as a toner, it will reduce irritation and you will feel relief.
Another alternative to combat itchy scalp with a home remedy is with an infusion of calendula. After washing your hair, apply it to the entire scalp and do not rinse it. It will help not only calm irritation but also inflammation.
Also, if you want to know how to moisturize the scalp, we inform you that aloe vera is an effective natural option. You just have to apply the gel on the head, massage, let it rest for about 12 minutes and rinse very well with water. Then apply shampoo as usual. In this way you will combat the dryness of the scalp.
Another recommended ingredient is coconut oil, which in addition to moisturizing the scalp, also helps reduce the risk of infection, thanks to its antibacterial and antifungal properties. Simply apply a small amount of liquid oil directly to your head, massage your scalp, let it sit for 12 minutes, and then wash your head preferably with a shampoo for sensitive scalps.
Keep in mind that the condition is sensitive to the season of the year, so it may improve in hot seasons and worsen in cold ones.
It is worth knowing that there are pharmacological treatments for this type of scalp discomfort, but they should not be chosen lightly. For example, if you feel uncomfortable, the itchiness distracts you and disrupts your daily activities, if you suspect that the skin has become infected or if you have already taken corrective measures within your reach without success, it is advisable to see a doctor. The professional focused on this type of ailment could recommend:
- Corticosteroid shampoos, creams, or ointments, which are sold by prescription.
- Antifungal shampoos, creams or gels alternated with other medications. This will depend on the condition of the scalp.
- Antifungal drug pill. This might be recommended in case the condition does not improve with topical treatments.
In conclusion, the care and hygiene of the scalp , as well as being attentive to any changes in this area of the body, will prevent irritation problems and will contribute to the maintenance of healthy, beautiful hair.