How to make a table
A wooden table can be placed in the center of the house to give character to the space and organize different family gatherings or parties with friends. In this sense, building a wooden table can be a good idea, since its manufacture is less complicated than many think.
Making a table is an easy type of project that can be completed in 1-2 days. However, not everyone has the same experience in the world of DIY. Therefore, we will tell you how to make a wooden table step by step.
1. Design the table
It is normal to wonder how to make a simple table. To start, it is advisable to look at photos of different types of tables on the internet, as this way we can have a clearer idea of what we want. Also, it may be appropriate to search for images of tables, plank tables and some types of table wood. Likewise, it is possible to consult woodworking magazines to obtain a more professional opinion.
When designing the table, you should always keep your needs in mind. In this sense, it is necessary to identify the use that the table will have, as well as the most appropriate dimensions. If you are wondering how to make a wooden dining table, you should know that this type of structure requires more work, so if you have little experience in construction and carpentry, then you can start by making a small coffee table.
By having the design clearly defined, then you only have to draw a sketch . In this step, you need to think clearly about what the piece of furniture will look like when it’s finished. Once the sketch is complete, it’s time to add the dimensions with a pencil.
2. Establish the measurements and choose the wood of the table
We have to think about the amount of wood we need. For example, it is possible to make a table with a top made of 3 boards 5 cm thick, 30 cm wide and 150 cm long. As for the legs, you can use 4 boards of 10 × 10 cm with a length of 72 cm. Also, it is important to think about the crossbars, since they are the pieces that reinforce the structure and provide stability to the legs. The crossbars can be made up of four boards, two of 5 × 30 cm with a length of 120 cm and another two of 5 x 10 cm with a length of 48 cm. However, these measurements are for reference only.
In general, in the place where you buy the wood you can ask for it to be cut, so it is important to be clear about the measurements before going to the store. Also, you have to know how to choose an economical wood , but one that is resistant. In this sense, if you are wondering how to make a pine wood table, you should know that this type of material is a good option, since it offers resistance and is flexible enough to prevent it from breaking easily.
3. Join the table top boards
In this step, you need to lay the top boards side by side. For this, it is necessary to use as flat a surface as possible for greater precision. In case you are making a large table, then you have to spread a cloth on the ground to place the boards on it and prevent the wood from being damaged.
To join the boards, you can cut the edges of the wood to make a tongue-and-groove joint . However, this technique can be difficult, so oblique screwdriving may be the most practical way. On the other hand, it is possible to acquire a surface made up of a complete piece of wood, which is more practical, but could be more expensive.
To start screwing, you need to make oblique holes with a drill. In this way, you avoid cracking the wood. It is important that before drilling you make small measurement marks on the wood for greater precision. Likewise, it is advisable to drill with a long drill bit of approximately 8 cm.
Next, you need to set the depth of the hole to reduce the chances of drilling deeper than necessary. Now, you just have to secure the boards with 6.5 cm self-tapping screws. To help you, you can use an electric screwdriver.
4. Glue the crossbars
In the next step, you need to glue the header boards to the bottom of the wood. You must locate the pieces along and across the surface of the table, forming a rectangle. To start gluing, you can apply wood glue to the edge of the boards and attach them to the table top. Likewise, to firmly fix the pieces, it is advisable to use some presses that put pressure on the crossbars during the night.
5. Join the legs
To make table legs, you need to lay the boards next to each other to make sure they are the same length measurement. If not, then you should cut them to level. Next, you need to place the legs at the corners where the header boards meet. Now all you have to do is add wood glue and attach the legs.
Once the glue dries, you need to drill holes between the crossbars and the legs. For this you can use a 0.65 cm drill bit. Similarly, it is necessary to use 1/4″ screws on each leg. Once the legs are glued, you need to make sure that the table does not wobble. If this happens, then you should use sandpaper to reduce the length of the legs a bit to stabilize the table.
6. Sand and stain the table
To finish, just buff with 80-grit sandpaper, which offers a level of abrasion that works well on a rustic wood table. For greater practicality, it is possible to use a belt sander to help you finish the sanding faster and with better finishes. However, if you are wondering how to make a rustic wooden table, then you can simply leave the surface as it is. To finish, you can stain the wood or just add a thin layer of sealer to help protect it from moisture, especially if you want to use it outdoors.
In conclusion, there is a wide variety of wooden table models on the market, but they may have details that we do not like. In this case, the best option may be to make your own table that is attractive and resistant.