The rose is the most used and studied plant, in terms of hybridization and selection. Currently more than 30,000 varieties are known around the world and new species appear every time. Roses always bring beauty and aroma to spaces and growing them is not the exclusive task of expert gardeners.
Roses are, for many lovers of romanticism, the preferred flowers; given its singular beauty and aroma. When it comes to growing roses, more than gardening, it is a relaxing task that everyone who is passionate about these flowers enjoys.
However, to achieve a healthy plant, aspects such as when to plant rose bushes must be taken into account, in order to do so at the most convenient time of year. It is also important to evaluate the quality of the substrate, the drainage of the pot, the adequate pest control, the necessary pruning and, of course, the irrigation.
In this sense, in areas where the heat is extreme, watering should be daily; Likewise, if the heat is moderate, it could be enough to water the plants every three days. Children could also be involved in this activity and use a water gun for this.
Likewise, in the event that you want to change the location of this plant and you do not know the proper technique of how to transplant a rosebush; the most advisable thing is to do it first in a pot and then move it to the ground.
propagation by cuttings
Roses can be grown using various methods such as grafting, seed, layering, or using your own cuttings. That is to say, pieces of the stems that are obtained in the different stages of maturity of the plant. Planting rosebushes by cuttings is the technique applied by nurseries for the development of a new plant, from a portion of its stem.
The conventional method to reproduce rosebushes by cuttings is using a pot with substrate; however, there are also other alternative techniques such as inserting rose cuttings into a potato, using plastic bags or growing in hydroponics; which is none other than putting the cuttings in water.
The common denominator of these methods is related to the environmental conditions that favor how to grow cuttings indoors or in greenhouses. In this sense, it is essential that the cut stems or shoots are located in a place where the temperature ranges between 18 and 21ºC. It is also advisable that they do not receive direct sunlight and, in addition, it is necessary that the cutting has high humidity.
The technique of making rose cuttings
Although many are unaware of how to make rose cuttings, this technique is not as complicated as you think, since this plant is very flexible when it comes to taking root. Obtaining rose cuttings can be done from three different types of stems: soft stems, semi-hard stems and hard stems.
The cuttings obtained from soft stems are those that tend to take root more quickly and easily. They can be cut late spring and early summer; stage at which these flexible stems begin to mature. Quality stems should be at least the size of a pencil and should be obtained from a part of the plant that is located below the flowers, once they have lost their petals.
Regarding the cuttings of semi-hard stems, these are obtained in the season that goes from the end of summer to the beginning of autumn; when the new stems have partially matured.
In relation to the cuttings obtained from hard stems, they are those that take time to take root and when they do, it is with greater difficulty. The best time to cut them is late fall and early winter, as the new stems have already matured, hardened, and are dormant.
However, if the task of how to reproduce roses has not been as successful as expected, there are products on the market with which the cuttings can be treated and stimulate optimal development of their roots; these are the hormones for root growth, thanks to which rooting cuttings faster is possible and without much effort.
Although it has a reputation for being a complicated plant, the vast majority of roses thrive in home gardens. Any gardening enthusiast will find it easy to learn how to plant roses and multiply them to have the most beautiful rose bushes in their home.