Pergolas are specially created to expand the habitable surface, but without making major changes to the architecture of the space, whether in public places, such as squares and gardens, or in private places, such as restaurant and hotel terraces. However, one of the problems that they generally present is that their use depends on atmospheric conditions. For this reason, bioclimatic pergolas have been designed so that you can use them throughout the year, so they are very practical and offer enough versatility to withstand hot, cold and humid conditions, providing a long useful life.
Let’s see some of the main characteristics of bioclimatic pergolas, so you know what to expect from these roofed structures if you want to acquire a good and economical one.
A defining characteristic of a bioclimatic pergola is the possibility of taking advantage of natural light to control the temperature under its roof, this is possible thanks to the fact that it has adjustable slats, very convenient during the winter season, because instead of completely blocking the solar rays, allow their passage according to the direction of the sun, creating warmer environments.
These slats are adjustable by 120 and 170°, for this reason, not only do they protect you from the sun’s rays without completely blocking the entrance of light, but they also allow proper ventilation, preventing the increase in temperature that causes the effect greenhouse, since the air does not accumulate, but is constantly renewed, maintaining a pleasant atmosphere. In this sense, we are facing an intelligent way of air conditioning an open space.
In case of rain or snow, you can close the slats completely, creating an airtight roof, so if you have a business, your customers can enjoy this area even in winter. The water is directed to one side to avoid accumulations, however, you can also recover the water if you need it for a special purpose.
Manual or electric drive
Among the wide variety of bioclimatic pergolas we can find two large groups, those that you have to operate manually and the electric ones. The first ones have a mechanical opening system for the slats by means of a crank, giving it a rotary movement by hand, very similar to an awning. These have a simple construction and are easy to use, although they require some physical effort.
For their part, the models that have an electric drive are technologically more advanced. The system to direct the slats works through a switch and in some cases even with a remote control, which means reducing physical effort to a minimum. As if that were not enough, some of these products are equipped with water and wind sensors, therefore they detect rain and close the slats automatically. These pergolas are more practical than the manual ones, but they tend to have high prices.
Some pergolas have retractable slats, which work mechanically or electrically, allowing the slats to be completely retracted to leave the entire roof open if necessary.
It is important to take into account that if you want to have the best bioclimatic pergola, it is recommended that you define in advance the place where you plan to install it, since the model you choose depends on this. Depending on the installation method, we can say that there are two types, self-supporting and those that must be fixed to a wall.
Self-supporting pergolas can be placed anywhere on the terrace or garden, since they are supported by four pillars and, therefore, are independent from the rest of the house, while wall-mounted pergolas have only two supports, for this reason, half of the weight is received by the facade or rear wall of the place where you install it.
We can say that the independent ones have a simpler assembly, but in general, any type of bioclimatic pergola requires that you have certain basic knowledge in construction and electricity, otherwise it is advisable to hire qualified personnel, since the installation can affect not only the use of the product, but also correct operation.
As it is a state-of-the-art product, a bioclimatic pergola generally has a sophisticated and modern appearance, therefore, it is recommended for houses with contemporary aesthetics. This is due to the geometry generated by straight lines with neat finishes, which can make your home even more elegant.
However, there are manufacturers that allow you to choose from a wide variety of designs and colors, so you can find models that combine with a more traditional architecture. For this, the finish of the material is very important, which can be with a wood effect, matte, metallic, among other possibilities.
At this point the options can be practically endless, for this reason, it is good that you only buy the bioclimatic pergola and use it for a few days after installation, in this way you will be sure of the accessories that would help you according to your particular case.
One of the most useful accessories can be LED lighting systems, which are not usually included in the product, but are necessary to be able to use the pergola at night. This applies to restaurants as well as hotels and homes, but the amount and type of light will depend on your needs. You can place lights on the pillars or anywhere on the structure. You can also choose between warm or cold light, depending on the atmosphere you want to create.
There is also the possibility of placing blinds or side curtains of different materials, which allow the space to be closed, further control the temperature and protect people from the wind, rain and sun. All of these elements can complement the bioclimatic pergola and make your terrace or garden a much more pleasant space regardless of the time of year and weather changes.